Thursday, June 30, 2022

About Albert Einstein, Biography, Birth, IQ, Education, Inventions, Quotes

About Albert Einstein Biography – Birth, IQ, Education, Inventions, Quotes –  It is said that good company and good thoughts open the door to human progress. Albert Einstein / Albert Einstein always believed that no matter what small work we are doing, we should do that work with complete truth and authenticity. Only then can we become a wise person.

One of the greatest physicists of all time, Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Germany. He was best known for developing the theory of relativity but his contributions to the theory of quantum mechanics were also widely accepted and praised. Albert Einstein won a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his remarkable contributions.

About Albert  Einstein

Full name Albert Hermann Einstein
Birth 14 March 1879
place of birth Ulm ( Germany )
Residence Germany , Italy , Switzerland , Austria , Belgium , United Kingdom , United States
Father hermann einstein
Mother Pauline Koch
Wife Marik ( First Wife ) Alyssa Lowen Thal ( Second Wife )
Education Zurich Polytechnical Academy , Switzerland
Area physics
Award Nobel Prize in Physics , Mattyukki Medal , Copley Medal , Max Planck Medal , Time Person of the Century
Death 18 April 1955
Full name Albert Hermann Einstein
Birth 14 March 1879
place of birth Ulm ( Germany )

Albert Einstein’s Early Life Childhood and Education

Albert Einstein was born into a Jewish family in Württemberg, Germany. His father was an engineer and salesman. His mother was Pauline Einstein. Although Einstein had difficulty speaking in the beginning, he was not very good at studies. His mother tongue was German and later he also learned Italian and English.

In 1880 his family moved to Munich, where his father and uncle together founded a company called “Electratechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie“, which made electrical equipment.

And it also arranged lighting for the first time at the Oktoberfest fair in Munich. His family did not follow Jewish religious traditions, and because of this, Einstein was able to attend a Catholic school. At the behest of his mother, he learned to play the violin. He did not like it and later gave it up, but later he used to enjoy Mozart’s sarong music very much.

In 1894, his father’s company could not get a contract to supply electric lighting in the city of Munich. Due to the loss due to which he had to sell his company. In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, where they settled first in Milan, and then a few months later in the city of Pavia.

Even after the family moved to Pavia, Einstein remained in Munich to complete his studies. In late December 1894, he traveled to Italy to visit his family in Pavia. During his time in Italy he wrote a short essay with the title “Investigation of the state of the ether in a magnetic field”.

Albert Einstein’s personal life

civil rights advocate

Einstein was a passionate, committed anti-racist, and a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in Princeton, where he campaigned for the civil rights of African Americans.

He considered racism to be America’s “worst disease.” At the time of his involvement, he was associated with civil rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois, and agreed to testify on his behalf during one of his trials in 1951. When Einstein offered to be a witness for Du Bois’ character, the judge decided to dismiss the trial.

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Einstein in 1947

In 1946 Einstein visited Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, a historic black college where he was awarded an honorary degree (the first university in the United States to award college degrees to African Americans).

Einstein gave a speech about racism in America, saying, “I have no intention of keeping quiet about it.” A Princeton resident recalls that Einstein once paid college tuition fees for black students.

other events

Before World War II, a newspaper published a brief description in one of its columns that Einstein was so well known in America that people stopped him on the street asking for an explanation of his theory.

Eventually he figured out a way to escape this constant questioning. He would tell them “Sorry! People often think of me as Professor Einstein, but that’s not me.” Einstein has been the subject or inspiration of many novels, films, plays and musicals.

He was a favorite character for depictions of “crazy” scientists or paranoid professors; his expressive face and distinctive hairstyle have been widely imitated. Frederick Golden of Time magazine once wrote that Einstein was “a cartoonist.” It was like a dream come true.

Albert Einstein Inventions

Albert Einstein made many inventions, for which his name was counted among famous scientists. Some of his inventions are as follows-

  • Quantum Theory of Light – In Einstein’s quantum theory of light, he created small sacs of energy called photons, which have wave-like characteristics. In his theory, he explained the emission of electrons from some metals. He created the photo electric effect. After this theory, he invented television, which depicts the scene through sculptural science. In modern times many such devices have been invented.
  • E = MC square – Einstein proved an equation between mass and energy, today it is called nuclear energy.
  • Brovnian Movement – ​​This can be said to be the biggest and best discovery of Albert Einstein, where he observed the zigzag movement in the suspension of the atom, which is helpful in the proof of the existence of molecules and atoms. We all know that in today’s time it is the main in most of the branches of science. Read the miracle essay of science here.
  • Special Theory of Relativity – In this theory of Albert Einstein, the relation of time and motion has been explained. The speed of light in the universe is described as constant and according to the law of nature.
  • General Theory of Relativity – Albert Einstein proposed that gravity is the curve region in the space-time continuum, which describes the existence of mass.
  • The Greatest Project – Albert Einstein created the Greatest Project, a research that supports the United States, he proposed the atomic bomb in 1945. After that he learned to destroy the atomic bomb in Japan during World War I.
  • Einstein’s Refrigerator – This was the smallest invention of Albert Einstein, for which he became famous. Einstein invented a refrigerator in which ammonia, water, and butane and maximum energy could be used. He invented this refrigerator keeping in mind many features in it.
  • The sky is blue – This is a very simple proof why the sky is blue, but Albert Einstein presented many arguments on this too.

In this way, Albert Einstein made many inventions, for which his name became famous in history.

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Albert Einstein Awards and Honors

Einstein received many awards and honors, and in 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the photoelectric effect”. In 1921, none of the nominations met the criteria set by Alfred Nobel, so the 1921 prize went ahead and Einstein was awarded it in 1922.

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1) Nobel Prize in Physics (1921)

2) Matteucci medal (1921)

3) Copley medal (1925)

4) Max planck medal (1929)

5) Time person of the century (1999)

Einstein’s Scientific Time and Work:

Albert Einstein published hundreds of books and letters during his lifetime. Einstein published more than 300 scientific and non-scientific research papers. Apart from his own work, he also collaborated with other scientists. In which Bose Einstein data Einstein refrigerator and many others are included.

1905 Mirabilis Papers :

This paper is related to 4 articles, which Einstein published in 1905 in a scientific journal named Onlander Physics, in which the photoelectric effect gave rise to quantum ideas in it. Braunion motion includes special relativity and e = mc2. These 4 articles have contributed a lot to the foundation of modern physics and have changed the thinking of people on space time and fluid, their 4 articles are as follows –

1. heuristic view on the relation between production and transformation of light
2. Essential for the molecular kinetic theory of heat on the motion of small particles suspended in a still liquid
3. On the electro-dynamic motion of moving particles
4. Does the inertia of a body depend on its energy content?

Thermodynamics and Volatility:

In the year 1900, Onalender was on Einstein’s first research paper presented to Physique. It was published in 1901 with the title Conclusions from the Explanation of the Capacitance Phenomenon, which shows that Brown-Neon motion is used as solid evidence for the presence of molecules. His research in 1903 and 1904 was mainly due to diffusion phenomena. But the effect of finite atomic size on the related.

Photon and energy quanta:

In a paper in 1905, Einstein explained that light itself is made up of local particles (quanta). Einstein’s light quanta hypothesis was not accepted by all physicists, including Max Planck and Niels Bohr. This hypothesis was universally accepted in 1919, with Robert Millikan’s lengthy experiments on the photoelectric effect and measurements of Kapton scattering.

Einstein concluded that for every wave of periodic f, energy hf is Planck’s constant. He did not tell more about this because he was not confirmed, some experiments can be explained by doing research which is later specifically called photoelectricity.

move angle:

During the 1910s it expanded to bring it into the realm of quantum mechanics in different ways. After Arnett Rutherford’s discovery of the nucleus and the proposal that electrons move in orbits like planets. Niels Boh was able to show that the quantum mechanics introduced by Planck and developed by Einstein could explain the discrete motion of electrons in the atoms of the elements and the periodic table of the elements.

Non-Scientific Heritage:

Once Einstein wrote a letter to his wife Elsa and adopted daughter Kadamuni Margate. Margaret Einstein allowed these private letters to be made available to the public but also requested that it not be done until 20 years after his death. He had died in 1986.

Einstein expressed his interest in the plumber profession and was later made an honorary member of the Plumbers and Steam-fitters Union. Albert Einstein Barbara Wolfe of Hibu University told the BBC that there are about 3,500 letters of personal correspondence written between 1912 and 1955.

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Einstein’s brain

After Einstein’s death, his brain was removed without the permission of his family. This work was done by Dr. Thomas Harvey to research his brain. In 1975, on the orders of his son, 240 samples of his brain were sent to many scientists, after seeing which they found that the number of cells in his brain is more than that of a common human.

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A pathologist stole Einstein’s brain during his autopsy. After that he studied in a jar for 20-22 years.

Similarly, his brain was taken out for investigation, on which research continued for years.

Later pieces of his brain were handed over to his eye doctor, Henry Abrams. Although the pieces of Einstein’s mind were seen by the rest of the world. But his eyes are still imprisoned in a dark box. (bbc.com)

What was Albert Einstein IQ level?

Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist and philosopher of science whose estimated IQ scores range from 160 to 165 by different measures.

Albert Einstein’s IQ is generally referred to as being 160, which is only a gauge; it’s impossible that he at any point took an IQ test during his lifetime.

Interesting Facts and Quotes of the Nobel Laureate

On the birth anniversary of Albert Einstein, here are some of the interesting facts about his life:

Albert Einstein Quotes, Facts

1. Albert Einstein was born in Germany but he didn’t live in the country for long. He stayed in Italy, Switzerland, and Czechia. After moving to the United States, Albert Einstein never returned to Germany.

2. Albert Einstein fell in love with physics after his father gifted him a compass as a child.

3. Albert Einstein wrote his first paper at the age of 16 and his paper was inspired by his compass.

4. Albert Einstein struggled with language and other subjects and so he left the school at the age of 15. However, he performed remarkably well in Mathematics, Physics, Philosophy.

5. Albert Einstein first taught Mathematics and Physics to students. After failing to find work, Albert Einstein moved to pursue his Ph.D.

Albert Einstein interesting facts

  1. Albert Einstein called himself a skeptic, he did not call himself an atheist.
  2. Albert Einstein used to solve all the experiments in his mind.
  3. Albert Einstein used to be weak in studies and speaking in childhood.
  4. After the death of Albert Einstein, his brain was stolen by a scientist, then it was locked in a jar for 20 years.
  5. Albert Einstein also got the Nobel Prize but he could not get his amount.
  6. Albert Einstein also got the opportunity for the post of President.
  7. Albert Einstein has also failed in the university entrance examination.
  8. Due to the poor memory of Albert Einstein, he could not remember anyone’s name or number.
  9. Albert Einstein’s eyes are kept in a safe box.
  10. Albert Einstein did not have his own car, so he did not even know how to drive.
  11. Albert Einstein’s mantra was “Practice is the key to success”.

Albert Einstein Quotes

Two things are infinite: the universe and the stupidity of man; And I can’t say that strongly about the universe.

here are some quotes of Albert Einstein:

1. “There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.”

2. “If you can’t explain it to a six-year-old, you don’t understand it yourself.”

3. “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.”

4. “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving.”

5. “The person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.”

6. “Before God, we are all equally intelligent and equally foolish.”

7. “Don’t try to be a successful person but be a person who walks on values.”

Death

On 17 April 1955, Einstein experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, which had previously been reinforced surgically by Rudolph Nissen in 1948. He took the draft of a speech he was preparing for a television appearance commemorating the state of Israel’s seventh anniversary with him to the hospital, but he did not live to complete it.

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Einstein refused surgery, saying, “I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share; it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.” He died in the University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro early the next morning at the age of 76, having continued to work until near the end.

During the autopsy, the pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain for preservation without the permission of his family, in the hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent. Einstein’s remains were cremated in Trenton, New Jersey, and his ashes were scattered at an undisclosed location.

In a memorial lecture delivered on 13 December 1965 at UNESCO headquarters, nuclear physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer summarized his impression of Einstein as a person: “He was almost wholly without sophistication and wholly without worldliness … There was always with him a wonderful purity at once childlike and profoundly stubborn.”

Einstein bequeathed his personal archives, library and intellectual assets to the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel.

Source: wikipedia , bbc.com

FAQs about Albert Einstein

Why is Einstein so famous?

Albert Einstein is justly famous for devising his theory of relativity, which revolutionized our understanding of space, time, gravity, and the universe.

Where is Albert Einstein’s brain now?

Harvey took Einstein’s brain without permission, which some would call “stealing.” Sixty years later, the only permanent place to see pieces of the brain that changed the world is at the Mütter Museum in Philadelphia.

What is Einstein’s IQ level?

Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist and philosopher of science whose estimated IQ scores range from 160 to 165 by different measures.

What made Einstein genius?

Einstein’s genius, Galaburda says, was probably due to “some combination of a special brain and the environment he lived in.” And he suggests that researchers now attempt to compare Einstein’s brain with that of other talented physicists to see if the brain’s features were unique to Einstein himself.

How did Albert Einstein die and why?

April 18, 1955—Albert Einstein dies soon after a blood vessel bursts near his heart. When asked if he wanted to undergo surgery, Einstein refused, saying, “I want to go when I want to go.

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