The scorching heat is bothering the people. The temperature has crossed 40 degree Celsius in many cities of the country. In states like Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra, the heat is at its peak, due to which it has become difficult for people to step out of the house. The risk of people’s health deteriorating due to the problem of heatwave is also high. In such a situation, cold water gives some relief for people, but experts believe that drinking more water in summer can also be harmful.
Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, Senior Consultant, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital while talking to The Express says that people should pay special attention during this summer. Children and the elderly are the most vulnerable, especially in this season. Talking about the diseases caused by heat and its prevention, it is said that most of the cases of heat exhaustion come, where people feel extremely lethargic after stepping out during the day.
At the same time, high temperatures can also lead to heat stroke, where the body becomes hotter than 40 °C (104 °F). This causes damage to organs and neurological dysfunction. This can result in fainting, rashes etc. People should stay well hydrated to avoid this, especially when out in the heat.
what should be done
Hydration can be in the form of water or anything with electrolytes, such as shikanji. Plus, thirst isn’t the only good indicator of whether you need to take in more fluids. That’s why people should be mindful of how much water they are drinking. Apart from this, people should not wear dark coloured, tight fitting, synthetic clothes in such heat. Light colored cotton clothes are best. Covering the head also helps. As far as possible, people should stay indoors during extremely hot hours.
How much water or fluid should we consume? And, can people overdo it?
The amount of water depends on the health of the person. Heard people talking about drinking water every 20 minutes. That’s not how it works. A healthy, young person should drink anywhere from 2.5 to 3 liters of water. On the other hand, if they are out in the sun, they can consume an additional 0.5 to 1 liter of water. But drinking more water than this can also lead to an electrolyte imbalance, which can cause problems.
Consuming too much water is harmful for these people
At the same time, people with kidney or heart disease should not take water in excess as it can lead to fluid accumulation in the legs, abdomen and chest, which can cause difficulty in breathing. People with such a chronic condition need to drink anywhere from 1 to 1.5 liters of water throughout the day. However, they can consume water even after consulting a doctor.
These people should not take ORS solution
A better option is to take electrolyte-rich fluids when people are out in the sun. About two to three glasses of shikanji will not be a problem for a healthy person. Again, people with any concomitant diseases should keep an eye on what they are consuming, for example, diabetics should avoid ORS solutions as they are high in sugar.
Which class is most vulnerable this season?
Children under the age of 5 years and those above 65 years are more vulnerable to the effects of heat. They should avoid going out during hot hours and if so they should stay well hydrated. However, even young, healthy people are not completely safe. In addition, anyone living with concomitant diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, or thyroid is more likely to feel the effects of sun exposure.
Should people exercise in this season?
Exercise is not a problem; Exercising while hot. If people want to go out for a walk or jog, they should do so either between early morning 5-6 o’clock or after 7 o’clock in the evening. People should not do any physical activity between 10 am and 6 pm.