With the expansion and growth of technology uses of mobile phones and computers became very common. People are surfing the internet with these devices and every day many people are committing the cyber crime knowingly or unknowingly.The Parliament of India passed Information Technology Act, 2000 to deal with the technology as well as to give punishments to these offenders. You may be thinking, what the ‘Cyber Crime’ actually is.
Things you need to know about Cyber Crime:
The activities mentioned below are called Cyber Crime and they are classified into four categories:
- Cyber crime against the person: If any person sends any letter, attachment of files or folders via e-mails to harass anyone. Threaten by using videos, the internet, webcam, phones, e-mail, etc. If anyone creates a website which contains prohibited material, child pornography etc. E-mail spoofing, hacking, cracking, SMS spoofing, Defamation. Uses of ATM cards without owners acknowledgment. Stealing password, data storage with the intention of cheating and fraud.
- Cyber crime against person’s property: Violation of someone’s intellectual property rights by infringement of patent, trademark, copyright and software piracy etc. If there are two persons claiming for the same domain. Hacking computer system, transmitting the virus, cybertrespass etc. These are called the cyber crimes against person’s property.
- Cyber Crime against the government: Cyber terrorism, Cyber warfare, Distribution of pirated software, Possession of unauthorized information etc. are the Cyber Crimes against the government.
- Cyber crime against the society at large: Child pornography, cyber trafficking, online gambling, forgery etc. are the cyber crime against the society at large.
Some Preventive Measure:
- Sometimes you may be asked for your credit card number from any site for which they will show you the reason and purposes. Never send your credit card number if you have any doubt and if you think that site is unsecured. These things are done to do some fraudulent activity. Don’t be a victim of it.
- Now a day everyone has an account on the social site called Facebook, Twitter etc. Many activities like chatting, sharing, video calling etc. are done with the help of these social sites. But sometimes they are misused by some people, for an example misusing of the photograph which is increasing day by day. So, don’t send your photograph or disclose your personal information to any stranger by online.
- If you are an owner of a website, you should check any irregularity on your site and adopt some policy to prevent cyber crimes.
- The victims of the cyber crimes must be given a complete justice by highest type of punishment to the offender and with a compensatory remedy.
- If you are a parent, you should watch on the sites where your children are accessing now a day. It will be helpful for you to prevent your children from any harassment.
- To prevent yourself from any virus attack keep updating your anti-virus.
- Use strong passwords for your account, file, folder or any other document.
Below are the Cyber Laws in India:
Tough the cyber crime is very new, there are a limited Acts and provisions in India to deal with these types of crimes. The Government of India passed the “Information Technology Act” in the year 2000. There are a set of different penalties for these crimes.
Section 65 of IT Act deals with ‘Tampering with computer source document’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 20,000.
Section 66 of IT Act deals with ‘Hacking with computer system’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 50,000.
Section 66B of IT Act deals with ‘Receiving stolen computer or communication device’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 10,000.
Section 66C of the IT Act deals with ‘Using a password of another person’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 10,000.
Section 66D of the IT Act deals with ‘Cheating using computer resource’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 10,000.
Section 66E of the IT Act deals with ‘Publishing private images of others’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to three years or/and with fine up to Rs. 10,000.
Section 66F of the IT Act deals with ‘Acts of cyber terrorism’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to life.
Section 67 of the IT Act deals with ‘Publishing information which is obscene in electronic form’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to seven years or/and with fine up to Rs. 100,000.
Section 67A of the IT Act deals with ‘Publishing images containing sexual acts’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to seven years or/and with fine up to Rs. 100,000.
Section 67B of the IT Act deals with ‘Publishing child porn or predating children online’ and its penalty is imprisonment up to five years or/and with fine up to Rs. 100,000 on 1st conviction. Imprisonment up to seven years or/and with fine up to Rs. 100,000 on 2nd conviction.
Law is changing along with the changes in the society. Many provisions are challenged every day in the Courts and Acts are amended by the Legislature. The IT Act has been amended in 2006 and 2008 with some changes in it. So, keep yourself updated about all these topics and prevent you from cyber crimes. Thank you for reading.
Also, Read 10 Most Powerful Passports in the World.