Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: A case of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Virus Fever (CCHF) has been reported in Spain last week. Due to this panic has started spreading all over the world regarding this disease. It does not take long to die in this deadly disease. According to the World Health Organization-WHO, the mortality rate in this disease is between 10 to 40 percent. In the year 2011, this disease has also engulfed India. Its virus is very dangerous. Today we will try to know about this Congo Fever here.
latest case of spain
According to Spanish authorities, on Thursday 21 July, a case of a middle-aged man suffering from Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) has been reported. This patient was first admitted to a local hospital in the north-western city of Leon in Spain. Symptoms of the disease were visible in this person after being bitten by a tick. Seeing the seriousness of the matter, it was taken to another hospital by an army plane. In Spain, the first case of Congo fever came in the year 2011 and in 2016 one death was recorded from this fever.
Rapid spread in Iraq
Congo fever has spread very fast in Iraq. There have been more than 111 cases of this fever till May 2022. Here 19 people have died due to this fever. It is worth noting that here patients are bleeding from their noses and they are dying. According to the Iraqi Ministry of Health, the first case here came in 1979 in Erbil, Kurdistan. Then a 17-year-old youth was a victim of Congo fever here.
This disease also came in India
Congo fever cases were first reported in India in January 2011. At least three people died of this disease in Gujarat then. Earlier this dangerous disease had never been seen in India.
Where did Congo Fever come from?
Congolese hemorrhagic fever was first reported in Crimea in 1944. After this, in the year 1969, a similar infection spread in the Congo. For this reason this virus was named Crimean Congo virus. According to the WHO, it is often found in Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and Asia, although its cases are less common in Europe. In 2001, a dangerous infection of the Congo virus spread in Kosovo, Albania, Iran, Pakistan and South Africa.
how does it spread
The WHO says that it can spread between humans through close contact with blood or bodily fluids. It is usually a disease of animals and is caused by the bite of ticks ie fleas. The recent case in Spain is that humans are also in the grip of Congo due to the bite of ticks. Once infected with the Congo fever virus, it can take three to nine days for it to spread throughout the body. The disease often infects humans by coming into contact with animal blood or tissue and from tick bites or contact. There is a lot of chance of death in this disease. Congo fever disease kills 30 to 80 percent of people.
symptoms of illness
In the early stages of the disease, symptoms such as fever, muscle pain, dizziness, eye pain, light sensitivity, vomiting and sore throat are seen in patients with Congo fever. Because of this, there is a possibility of internal bleeding in the body and in severe cases all the organs of the body stop working. According to the World Health Organization, some people have complained of back pain and nausea with throat problems. The symptoms increase after about 2 to 4 days after getting caught in the disease. Heart rate increases, throat, nose or mouth starts bleeding. Sometimes patients suffer kidney and liver failure.
how to control
The relatives of the patient and the doctors treating them also need to be careful. They should be kept away from the liquid discharge coming out of the patient’s body like nose, eyes, water flowing from the mouth, saliva of the mouth. Along with this, one should immediately contact the hospital if symptoms like Congo fever appear. There is no vaccine yet to prevent this fever. Antiviral drugs are considered an effective treatment for Congo fever. However, it is difficult to control this disease completely.
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